Here are two Salvia Email discussion groups.

Check out the Salvia email discussion group on Yahoo:


Subscribe at: Salvia-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

Please visit the Yahoo Web page for full instructions

Also check out the Salvia forum on GardenWeb:


Links Page Index

Book Reviews
Botanic Gardens
Botanic Nomenclature and Data Base Convention Links
Featured Sites, including Salvias, other genera, and hummingbirds
Herbarium & Flora Data Base Links
Other Botanic Data Bases
Other Horticultural Organizations
Utility Sites for Horticulturists and Plant Collectors (weather, maps, plant pathology, etc.)
Who is the Sultan of Salvias?

Featured Salvia Sites:

Robin Middleton's Salvia Web Site

This is an outstanding site from Robin Middleton of England, who is maintaining a greenhouse where he has one of the best European collections of Salvias.  His web site has at present 200 images of Salvias, many not found in cultivation in the United States.  You will need to have Java running on your computer to view the gallery.

Salvia Research Network

This is an effort of the Botany Department of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, initiated by Dr. Ken Sytsma and Jay B. Walker.  Its purpose is to cover research on the molecular phylogenetics, evolution, and classification of Salvia and related Mentheae.  Besides having a checklist of Salvias based on Alziar's work, there is a list of literature and chromosome numbers as well as DNA work.

One of the results of the last few year's DNA work is the discovery that the genus Salvia is apparently polyphyletic in origin.  That is, Salvias evolved from not one, but as many as three different ancesters.  The species forming the three groups from these ancestors are referred to as clades for the purpose of the current studies.

California Sages (Las Pilitas Nursery)

Bert Wilson is the master scholar to go to for horticultural information and ecology of California sages.  He also grows most of them for sale and can explain how to use them and other natives to restore native environments.

Sites for Hummingbird Enthusiasts:


Started by Dr. James V. Remsen of Louisiana State University's Museum of Natural Science, Humnet is an email bulletin board devoted primarily to disseminating information on hummingbirds and gardening for them in the Southeastern United States.  Salvias, of course, are frequently discussed.

University of Mainz (Petra Wester's research)

Interested in the study of the pollination mechanism of Salvias and the interrelationships to hummingbirds?  Here is a place to start.  Go to the link for the JPG of her poster.

Some others:
The Hummingbird Forum
The Humnet Birding List

Other Featured Sites:

The Scutellaria Group Homepage

Scutellaria baicalensis
This site was started several years ago to catalog, display, and popularize skullcaps for herbalists, botanists, students, and plant enthusiasts.  Topics covered include:
  • Seed Collecting, Storage and Germination 
  • Monthly Bulletin 
  • Seed Exchange
  • Scutellaria Related Links
Links are to on-line botany databases, image sources, nurseries, seed sources, and plant societies.  Phytochemical and ethnobotanical aspects are also covered.

PlantBuzz Home - the Allium Web Site

Allium flavum
This is the Web site of Mark  McDonough
the Allium Man

Galleries, links and information on:

  • Allium Central - a web resource dedicated to the genus Allium.
  • Hardy Hibiscus - woody shrubs and herbaceous perennials worthy of greater prominence. 
  • Cleome Studies - a little appreciated large genus of showy annual plants.
  • Rock Gardening Page - a rambling exploration of alpine and rock garden plants.

Ketzel Levine's Talking Plants

Ketzel Levine's Talking Plants is the Web Page of NPR's Doyenne of Dirt. 

Reach her at: plants@npr.org

Martin Wall Botanical Services

Marty's consistantly excellent photography of herbs and native American plants is such that random selections could be expected to win prizes in art shows.  His well-developed sense of composition and light really captures the essence of his subjects.  In addition to his photographic skills, he is an experienced herbalist who owns and directs the Southeastern Herbal School at Wake Forest.  Contact Marty by e-mail or at 336-834-4143 by phone.

Links to Nurseries:

Canyon Creek Nursery (herbs, perennials, Violas, Salvias, Agastaches):
Companion Plants (herbs):
Cottage Garden (herbs, perennials)
Crownsville Nursery (herbs and perennials):
Crug Farm:
Digging Dog Nursery (perennials, shrubs, trees and vines):
Glasshouse Works (mail order of houseplants, herbs, perennials):
H & H Botanicals (herbs and perennials):
Heronswood Nursery (mail order of rare perennials):
Kruidenkwekerij (herbs and perennials: Netherlands):
Las Pilitas Nursery (California natives):
Logee's Greenhouses, Ltd. (houseplants, herbs, perennials, begonias, Pelargoniums):
Mountain Valley Growers, Inc. (certified organic herb and perennial plants):
Niche Gardens (mail order and retail perennials):
Otto Richter and Sons Limited (herbs: Canada and USA):
Plant Delights Nursery @ Juniper Level Botanic Gardens (mail order perennials):
PlantHaven, Inc. (for patent registration of new hybrid plants):
Redwood City Seed Co: (herbs, seeds, native American plants and vegetables):
Salvias NorthWest - (seeds and plants from Bill, The Salvia Guy):
San Felasco Nurseries, Inc. - (wholesale perennials for the southeastern US):.
San Marcos Growers (wholesale perennials):
Seedhunt (rare California/Mexico/Mediterranean climate wildflower seeds, Salvias):
Shady Acres Herb Farm (herbs and perennials - has mail order):
Silverhill Seeds (South African wildflowers):
Sue Templeton's Unlimited Perennials (Salvia Specialist Nursery: Australia):
Suncrest Nurseries (wholesale perennials):
Sunny Border Nurseries, Inc. (wholesale perennials):
Terra Nova Nurseries, Inc. (wholesale perennials):
Well-Sweep Herb Farm:
Yucca Do Nursery (mail order of unusual plants mostly of southern North America):

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Links to Botanical Gardens:

American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta (AABGA):
Arboretum of Los Angeles County:
Atlanta Botanical Garden:
Botanic Garden of Smith College:
Cabrillo College Horticulture Web Site:
Callaway Gardens:
Chelsea Physick Garden:
Chicago Botanic Garden:
Conejo Valley Botanic Garden:
Daniel Stowe Botanical Garden:
Denver Botanic Gardens:
Denver Zoo:
Desert Botanical Garden:
Fullerton Arboretum:
Huntington Botanical Gardens:
J.C. Raulston Arboretum:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Longwood Gardens, Inc.:
Lewis Ginter Botanic Garden:
Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens:
Missouri Botanical Garden:
Mourning Cloak Ranch and Botanical Gardens:
Mt. Holyoke College Botanic Garden:
New York Botanical Garden:
Norfolk Botanical Garden:
North Carolina Botanical Garden:
North Carolina Zoological Park:
Peckerwood Gardens:
Pennsylvania Horticultural Society:
Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden:
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew:
Royal Horticultural Society:
Sarah P. Duke Gardens:
Strybing Arboretum & Botanical Gardens:
United States Botanic Garden:
United States National Arboretum:
University of California Botanical Garden (Berkeley):
University of California Santa Cruz Arboretum:
Wave Hill:

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Links to Other Horticultural Organizations:

California Garden Clubs, Inc.
The Herb Society of America
International Herb Association

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Herbarium & Flora Data Base Links:

CD-ROM Flora:

Synthesis of the North American Flora  A second edition is about to be released with locations down to the county level, and with some images.

Flora Checklists:

A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland
A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands
Australian Community Biodiversity Network: Biodiversity Databases
Flora of North America Web Site (at Harvard University)
Biota of North America Program (BONAP) of the North Carolina Botanical Garden

Floras Online

Flora of China (Harvard University)
Flora of North America (Harvard University)

These utilities use frames with a searchable database that allows the user to both read online and download not only the entry for a species, but also the key for the genus.  You can do a search by country, political subdivisions, elevation, and word or combination of words. Using it takes a little practice.

Instituto de Botánica Darwinion - Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de la Argentina

This is a major advancement on South American flora from a country under a lot of fiscal pressure.  Each family is cataloged.as a downloadable PDF file.  The Lamiaceae file is missing pages 5 and 10 

Flora Information Systems with Databases:

ABIS (Andean Botanical Information System) from the Field Museum of Natural History

This site has a lot more than checklists and data bases.  There are links to other sites and hard copy references, just to name an example.

Taxonomic and Bibliographic Plant Databases:

Australia's Virtual Herbarium

ePIC  - Electronic Plant Information Centre, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Has links to and metasearch capability for all partner sites, listed below.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

This system is linked to Canadian, American and Mexican partners

Sistema Integrado de Información Taxonómica (SIIT)

This Mexican site currently contains only data from the USA

Inter-Institutional Living Collections Search at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh

Species 2000

A global checklist under construction of all living organisms, including scientific and vernacular plant names, and synonyms.

The IOPI Provisional Global Plant Checklist

This will become the single best source for getting information on any known species.  It is in the initial stages of construction, with pieces (initially as small families) added constantly

Herbarium Data Bases without Images:

ARIZ, the Herbarium at the University of Arizona in Tucson
Harvard University Herbaria Index of Botanical Specimens
W3 Tropicos site of the Missouri Botanical Garden

Herbarium Data Bases with Images:

Chihuahuan Desert Gardens searchable database
Flora of Europe
Gallery of Connecticut Wildflowers, by the Connecticut Botanical Society
Type Specimen Register of the United States National Herbarium 
Neotropical Herbarium Specimens at the Field Museum (Chicago)
     Salvia herbarium sheets     Salvia photos
Missouri Botanical Garden W3 TROPICOS Image Index
New York Botanical Garden Vascular Plant Type Catalog

Pen and Watercolor Images from Legacy Botanic Journals:

Missouri Botanical Garden Library Rare Book image site
Curtis Botanical Magazine site

Image Data Bases:

Digital Flora of Texas (TAMU) - Vascular Plant Images (Lamiaceae)
Flora of Zimbabwe
PLANTS Database (USDA)
CalPhotos    Berkeley Digital Library Project

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Botanic Nomenclature and Data Base Convention Links:

Dictionary of Botanical Words (Botany.com)

Confused by some of the terms in my posts or on these pages?  Check this on-line reference.

Royal Botanic Garden at Kew Vascular Plant Families and Genera database:

The source for learning the currently acceptable names for the Latin names of plants. Use this database to avoid the illegitimate and superfluous names that sustain inaccuracies and confusion.

DELTA: DEscription Language for TAxonomy
International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Tokyo Code), Electronic version 
International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (St Louis Code), Electronic Version
International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI)

Organizing the taxonomy of the world's flora and fauna is an extremely complex task. The development of useable, let alone useful, botanic data bases requires an appropriate number of clearly defined search fields.  Since botany has been the poor stepsister of the physical sciences until recent times, there is a lot of reorganization and redefinition needed before the current systems of  terminology can be used for such projects.  The sites listed above represent much of the effort to this end.  Anyone seriously interested in the generation, publication, and compiling of botanical data will find these sites relevant to the usefulness of their work.

I've included them in my site as an aid to visitors who wish to bring matters to my attention or who wish to explore the intensity of involvment required by this task.

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Other Botanic Data Bases

Internet Directory for Botany: Images
A compilation of amateur to academic image sites.

Index Nominum Genericorum (ING), a collaborative project of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) and the Smithsonian Institution.  The data base for access to information about generic names of plants.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), a partnership of U.S., Canadian, and Mexican agencies.

National Biological Information Infrastructure (works with the National Invasive Species Council).

Rock Garden Plants Database. A Czech database by Dr. Pavel Slaby with horticultural information on 10150 species and growing.  It has a fairly good selection of Salvias, and there is a gallery of images.

Dr. FungusA database in progress on all kinds of fungus.  There is a large section on plant fungus.  A separate page exists for files of downloadable slides in PowerPoint format.  The plant section is so new that there are few entries at present (2/15/02).  This web resource looks like a well-funded project that could become very useful in the future.

Plants For A Future Database (University of Leeds) is still in progress.  It does not have images, but has references, gives distribution in the wild and mentions the substrate (soil type, etc) where each species is found.  There are 33 Salvias listed currently.

SALVIAS: A global baseline database and plant ecoInformatics portal  SALVIAS is a network of ecologists, conservation biologists, biogeographers, botanists and computer programmers interested in understanding large scale patterns of plant diversity.

And a fun site for natural history buffs:
Wayne’s Word : an On-Line Textbook of Natural History

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Utility Sites for Horticulturists and Plant Collectors

Global Gazetteer  This is the site to visit to discover plant collecting sites anywhere on the world's land masses.  Contour maps with some details are available.  For instance, canyons and stream paths are readily observable.  Use this with GPS data to research or record plant collection data. Google Earth  is not quite as useful - so far.

World Weather Information Service  Want to collect climatological information on the new rare Salvia or other plant in your collection, or for optimizing a field trip?  This global web site presents OFFICIAL weather observations, weather forecasts and climatological information for selected cities supplied by National Meteorological & Hydrological Services (NMHSs) worldwide. 

APSnet - Plant Pathology Online, by the American Phytopathological Society.  Want to know what that strange disease is troubling your rare Salvia?  Here is a place to start.

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Links to Other World of Salvia Pages:

A World of Salvias Home Page2001:  The Year of the Salvia

List of Plants for Sale and Order FormsCollage of individual Salvia flowers; taxonomic uses

Placard BooksDirections and MapsMission statement

Salvia FAQ PagesA Gallery of Salvias Main Index and First VolumeUtility Pages